What is Islam and Why is Ramadan so Important for Muslims?

The word “Islam” means “submission to the will of God.” And the people who follow Islam are called Muslims. Followers of Islam aim to live a life of complete submission to Allah.

They believe that nothing can happen without Allah’s permission, but humans have free will. Islam teaches that Allah’s word was revealed to the prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel. Followers worship Allah by praying and reciting the Quran. They believe there will be a day of judgment, and life after death.

The most important Muslim practices are the Five Pillars of Islam. The Five Pillars of Islam are the five obligations that every Muslim must and should satisfy in order to live a good and responsible life according to Islam. And those Five Pillars consist of:

  1. The Testimony of Faith: The testimony of faith is saying with conviction, “La ilaha illa Allah, Muhammadur rasoolu Allah.” Which means “There is no true god (deity) but God (Allah), and Muhammad is the Messenger (Prophet) of God.” The first part, “There is no true god but God,” means that none has the right to be worshipped but God alone, and that God has neither partner nor son. This testimony of faith is called the Shahada, a simple formula which should be said with conviction in order to convert to Islam. The testimony of faith is the most important pillar of Islam.

  2. Prayer: Muslims perform five prayers a day. Each prayer does not take more than a few minutes to perform. Prayer in Islam is a direct link between the worshipper and God. There are no intermediaries between God and the worshipper. In prayer, a person feels inner happiness, peace, and comfort, and that God is pleased with him or or her. The Prophet Muhammad said: {Bilal, call (the people) to prayer, let us be comforted by it.} Bilal was one of Muhammad’s companions who was charged to call the people to prayers. The prayers are performed at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. A Muslim may pray almost anywhere, such as in fields, offices, factories, or universities.

  3. Giving Zakat (Support of the Needy): All things belong to God, and wealth is therefore held by human beings in trust. The original meaning of the word zakat is both purification’ and ‘growth.’ Giving zakat means ‘giving a specified percentage on certain properties to certain classes of needy people.’ The percentage which is due on gold, silver, and cash funds that have reached the amount of about 85 grams of gold and held in possession for one lunar year is two and a half percent. Our possessions are purified by setting aside a small portion for those in need, and, like the pruning of plants, this cutting back balances and encourages new growth. A person may also give as much as he or she pleases as voluntary alms or charity.

  4. Fasting the Month of Ramadan: Every year in the month of Ramadan all Muslims fast from dawn until sundown, abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations. Although the fast is beneficial to health, it is regarded principally as a method of spiritual self-purification. By cutting oneself off from worldly comforts, even for a short time, a fasting person gains true sympathy with those who go hungry, as well as growth in his or her spiritual life.

  5. The Pilgrimage to Makkah:
    The annual pilgrimage ( Hajj ) to Makkah is an obligation once in a lifetime for those who are physically and financially able to perform it. About two million people go to Makkah each year from every corner of the globe. Although Makkah is always filled with visitors, the annual Hajj is performed in the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar. Male pilgrims wear special simple clothes which strip away distinctions of class and culture so that all stand equal before God. The rites of the Hajj include circling the Kaaba seven times and going seven times between the hillocks of Safa and Marwa, as Hagar did during her search for water. Then the pilgrims stand together in Arafa and ask God for what they wish and for His forgiveness, in what is often thought of as a preview of the Day of Judgment.

The end of the Hajj is marked by a festival, Eid Al-Adha , which is celebrated with prayers. This, and Eid al-Fitr , a feast-day commemorating the end of Ramadan.

So, Ramadan begin one of the most important pillars of Islam. Muslims every year, around the world fast during daylight hours. It is the ninth month in the Muslim lunar calendar. Healthy adult Muslims fast in Ramadan from dawn until dusk. This includes abstaining from drinking, eating, immoral acts and anger. Other acts of worship such as prayer, reading the Quran and charity are also encouraged during the holy month. Muslims also believe the Quran was revealed in Ramadan.

There is also a verse in the Quran that prescribes fasting for all Muslims who are mature and healthy enough to do so for the full day. So Muslims fast as an act of worship, a chance to get closer to God, and a way to become more compassionate to those in need. Fasting is also seen as a way to learn patience and break bad habits.

Fasting is obligatory for adult Muslims. However, those that are travelling, pregnant or breastfeeding and those with severe illnesses are not required to fast. However, those who are unable to fast at the time, are required to make up the fasts that are missed later, when they can do so. In the instance of long-term medical illness, money can be given to the poor instead of fasting.

Different cultures have different traditions during Ramadan, whether it is a special food they must cook, or eating iftar with the extended family. Islamic tenets such as generosity inspired most of these traditions, including sharing food and inviting guests over for iftar.

Fasting during Ramadan is an act of worship and a way to become more compassionate to those in need, as well as for the individual to become closer to God. It is the holiest month in the Islamic calendar and is a time for more prayers, Quran readings and recitations and increased charitable acts.

It is often wrongly noted that Islam promotes violence and hatred of others. In fact, the teachings of Ramadan (and Islam) are based around love, respect and giving to others. That is why Muslims are encouraged in this month to give even more to those that are less off in the society. Being charitable to the poor and the needy is one of the most important teachings of Islam and a fixed amount must be given to the poor before Eid can be celebrated. This is known as ‘Fitrana’.

Believers are also encouraged to improve their behaviour, and to avoid swearing, fighting, gossiping, and laziness, as those things lessen the spiritual reward of fasting.

Zakat is the compulsory giving of a set proportion of one’s wealth to charity during the month of Ramadan and also it is the third important pillar in islam. It is regarded as a type of worship and of self-purification. Zakat does not refer to charitable gifts given out of kindness or generosity, but to the systematic giving of 2.5% of one’s wealth each year to benefit the poor.

The benefits of Zakat, apart from helping the poor, are as follows:

  • Obeying God
  • Helping a person acknowledge that everything comes from [God] on loan and that we do not really own anything ourselves
    • And since we cannot take anything with us when we die we need not cling to it
  • Acknowledging that whether we are rich or poor is God’s choice
  • So we should help those he has chosen to make poor
  • Learning self-discipline
  • Freeing oneself from the love of possessions and greed
  • Freeing oneself from the love of money
  • Freeing oneself from love of oneself
  • Behaving honestly

The 2.5% rate only applies to cash, gold and silver, and commercial items. There are other rates for farm and mining produce, and for animals.


Happy Ramadan Mubarak

1 Like

Wow. :heart:
Ramadan Mubarak. :blush::heart:

1 Like

Thank you @Adithyan_ks

1 Like

Thankuuuuu @unknown_soul

Happy to Read Again main Basic pillar’s of islam

1 Like

Thank you for reading @Syed.javeed